For Further Study
- American Shipmasters' Association. Record of American and Foreign Shipping. New York: The Association, 1889.
- Clayton, Lawrence A. Grace: W.R. Grace & Co., the Formative Years, 1850-1930. Ottawa, Ill: Jameson Books, 1985.
- Skaggs, Jimmy M. The Great Guano Rush: Entrepreneurs and American Overseas Expansion. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994.
Related Art & Literature
- Webb, Robert Lloyd, and Charles Robert Patterson. Sailor-Painter: The Uncommon Life of Charles Robert Patterson. Mystic, Conn: Flat Hammock Press, 2005.