How could you calculate miles on a chart like this? Work with a partner to come up with a solution. How far did they travel- under sail, without an engine-- in a day? How many square miles were the whaling grounds where they found so many whales?
Look closely at the chart. In one spot, to the northeast of New Zealand, beside a clump of printed dots, one captain wrote "Wreck" and what might say "Caroline 1859," near the printed track of Captain Cook and a printed note beside another shoal above what is identified as the wreck of the whaler Minerva. What might be the stories here? Use the website Whaling History to try to figure out what happened.
Common Core State Standards Connections
Reading for Informational Text, Grades 3-5
Standard 1 – Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
Standard 2 – Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.
Standard 3 - Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
Standard 6 – Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.
Writing, Grades 3-5
Standard 1 - Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
Standard 2 - Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
Standard 7 – Conduct short research projects that use several sources to build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.
Standard 8 – Recall information from experiences or gather information from print and digital sources; take brief notes on sources and sort evidence into provided categories.
Standard 9 - Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
Speaking and Listening, Grades 3-5
Standard 4 – Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount and experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.
Reading for Information, Grades 6-12
Standard 7 – Integrate information presented in different media or formats (e.g. visually, quantitatively) as well as in words to develop a coherent understanding of a topic or issue.
Standard 8 – Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not.
Writing, Grades 6-12
Standard 1 – Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
Standard 2 – Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts and information through the selection, organization and analysis of relevant content.
Standard 7 – Conduct short research projects to answer a question, drawing on several sources and refocusing the inquiry when appropriate.
Standard 8 – Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources; assess the credibility of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and providing basic bibliographic information for sources.
Standard 9 – Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
Speaking and Listening, Grades 6-12
Standard 4 – Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with pertinent descriptions, facts, details, and examples; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation.
Reading for Literacy in History/Social Studies, Grades 6-12
Standard 1 – Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, attending to such features as the date and origin of the evidence.
Standard 2 – Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.
Standard 7 – Integrate visual information (e.g. in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts.
Standard 8 – Evaluate an author’s premises, claims, and evidence by corroborating or challenging them with other information.
Writing for Literacy in History/Social Studies, Grades 6-12
Standard 1 – Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content.
Standard 2 – Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/experiments, or technical process.
Standard 7 – Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.
Standard 8 – Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.
Standard 9 – Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.